Research

Sexual Assault Resistance Education for University Women:  The Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) Sexual Assault Resistance Program also known to students as Flip the ScriptTM program

Grant (2016-2020) and Next Steps – Knowledge Mobilization and Implementation
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I (with co-investigators Barata, Radtke, Eliasziw, Thurston & McVey and collaborator Deb Chard, Wen-Do Women’s Self Defence) received funding from the CIHR to study the implementation and scale-up of the EAAA program on Canadian university campuses. This research will determine the impact of decisions that campuses make in how to recruit participants and deliver the program as well as a number of other factors in maintenance of the fidelity and effectiveness of the program.  More information about this project.

Adapting and Evaluating EAAA (Flip the ScriptTM program) for High School Girls/Young Women

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Postdoctoral Fellow, Sara Crann, is working on adapting and evaluating the EAAA program for high school girls/young women.  This project involves two phases of research. The first phase will adapt the EAAA program for the social and developmental context of adolescence to produce a version of EAAA designed specifically for girls between 14 and 17 years old. The second phase will rigorously evaluate the adapted program. This research will be conducted in partnership with organizations and high schools/school boards across Ontario. We (Crann, Senn, Eliasziw) recently obtained funding from the Public Health Agency of Canada (2018-2023) for this project.  Read more about Sara Crann and how to participate in this project.

Adapting and Evaluating EAAA for Online Facilitation

Dr. Sarah Peitzmeier (University of Michigan) and I (with colleagues Katie Edwards & Misha Eliasziw) are conducting pilot research to assess whether an online adaptation of EAAA is feasible, acceptable, and shows promise for effectiveness in this context.

Examining Sexual Violence Rates Among Canadian University Students 

In collaboration with Drs. Anne Forrest, Nicole Jeffrey, and Michelle Krieger, I conducted a large random sample study at one Canadian university to assess rates of sexual violence victimization and perpetration. This is only the second Canadian campus random sample study since the 1990s. We also compared these results with sexual violence rates obtained from a census-sampled campus climate survey. Most campus climate surveys have used census sampling (a type of nonprobability, convenience sampling), whereby the entire student population is invited to participate. Census sampling has a number of advantages for campus climate surveys (e.g., inclusive and cost-effective) but may over- or under-estimate the scope of campus sexual violence due to nonresponse bias. By comparing the sexual violence rates obtained from a census-sampled randomly sampled survey, we assessed the accuracy and representativeness of commonly used census-sampled campus climate surveys. We found no evidence that census-sampled campus climate surveys might misestimate sexual violence victimization or perpetration rates: our census-sampled survey produced very similar rates as our randomly-sampled survey. Further analyses are underway.

Bystander Initiative:  Sexual Assault Prevention

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In collaboration with Dr. Anne Forrest (Women’s and Gender Studies), I have conducted a number of research studies to evaluate the effectiveness of our campus activities related to the Bystander Initiative to Mitigate Sexual Assault on Campus (BI). We have studied the undergraduate students who take a 3-hr adaptation of the University of New Hampshire’s Bringing in the Bystander® workshop (see Senn & Forrest, 2015). In 2010, we began conducting a campus wide survey annually and will continue it until 2020. We will use this survey to evaluate whether our institutionalization model (See Forrest & Senn, 2017; Senn & Forrest, 2013) succeeds in producing a campus climate change. We have also conducted small studies to understand students’ reactions to the provincial Draw the Line campaign materials we use as a ‘booster’ each winter semester. More information about this project.

Women’s Experiences with Pornography

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I co-authored a chapter with Ana Bridges on this topic (Bridges, Senn & Andrews, 2013). Continuing an interest from early in my career, I continue to be interested in co-designing studies with my students exploring the intersections between pornography and other media and male violence against women.

Selected Research Collaborations

Research Collaboration to Adapt EAAA for Trans Students

Dr. Sarah Peitzmeier at the University of Michigan is leading this collaboration. Two studies have just concluded to lay the empirical groundwork for possible adaptation of EAAA. For more detail, contact Dr. Peitzmeier at speitzme@umich.edu.

Research Collaboration for Empowerment Self-Defense

A group of researchers and practitioner/researchers came together for a 2019 Summit in Palo Alto, California. This meeting was funded through the generosity of ESD Global. Regular meetings since that time developing and supporting new research directions in our field.

Visit Empowerment through Self-Defense Global for more information on their project collaborations.

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Back row: Jennifer Keller, Stanford University; Brieanne Beaujolais,The Ohio State University; Gal Harmat, World Peace Academy, UN University for Peace, and the Arts and Social Change College; Christine Gidycz, Ohio University; Jocelyn Hollander, University of Oregon; Charlene Senn, University of Windsor; Lindsay Orchowski, Brown University; Front row: Martha Thompson, Northeastern Illinois University and IMPACT Chicago; Darlene DeFour,Hunter College; and Amy Jones, Culture of Safety.

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